Joseph Lofthouse, Landrace Seedsman
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Seed List


The excess seeds grown on my farm are available to home gardeners, small-scale farmers, and public-domain open-source plant breeders. I am growing promiscuously pollinated (PP) locally-adapted landrace adaptivar populations that are specially suited to thrive on my Northern Utah farm with it's unique climate and pests: super-dry air, sunlight-drenched, cold radiant-cooled nights, short-season, pesticide-free, less than perfect weeding, high altitude, clayish limestone-based lake-bottom soil, and philosophy towards diversity. The more of those conditions you share with me the better my seeds are likely to do for you.
My seed is most suitable for growers who live close to me and share a similar climate and philosophy towards growing. Home gardeners, plant breeders, and small market growers who welcome diversity of shape, taste, texture, color, size, and maturity dates may love my seeds. My seeds are unsuitable for commercial farms or large operations that require uniformity, predictibility, or stability. My seeds are especially suitable for seed savers who want to develop their own varieties or to diversify their current landraces. Due to the wide genetic diversity, these seeds make an excellent emergency seed stash. There is so much genetic diversity among my seeds that some family type or other is likely to thrive wherever they are planted. Save the seeds and select for those families that do best in your conditions.
This list was last updated on 2015-01-18. The list does not contain all of my breeding lines. If you would like seeds from one of my breeding lines, or from something you have read about that is not listed here, please write.

If a variety carries my name, or the name of my village, or family, I have poured my money, my time, and my soul into developing that variety, and I believe it to be the best possible variety for my garden.

  Joseph's Best Cantaloupe Landrace: Seeds from the earliest fruits and the most productive plants in my garden. ~75 to 90 days. Orange fleshed. Selected for great taste, (which to me means musky, sweet, and not grainy). For 2015 I am also sharing an extra-large fruited sub-strain which I do not recommend for short season gardens. [ MyFolia#: 26az-286346 ] landrace seeds
Long Island Seed Project
landrace cantaloupe
  Watermelon, Landrace: This landrace is the result of a multi-year breeding project involving around a dozen growers, about 300 named cultivars, and thousands of new promiscuously pollinated hybrids. There is lots of variety in shape, skin color, and fruit color. Yellow colored fruits are very sweet tasting. I recommend soaking seeds for 16 hours prior to planting, sowing heavily, and that slow germinating or slow growing plants be chopped out early in the growing season. [About 60% of these seeds are quick germinating. Pre-germinating the seeds on paper towell would be a good way to screen for quick germination. (I'm serious that you should chop out any plants that germiante slowly or that grow slowly.) MyFolia#: akmj-286267 ] landrace seeds
Bishop's Homegrown Goodness
Hoggy Seed Swap
Plant Breeding
watermelon landrace
  Astronomy Domine: su. Open pollinated. Mulit-colored. Mid-season (70-75 days). Selected for colorful cobs at milk stage. That fabulous old-fashioned corn taste: Chewy and flavorful without being overly sweet. Very tolerant of cold spring soil. I plant 4 weeks before average last frost date. A robust landrace that is reliable and easy to grow. An excellent choice for tough growing conditions and for people wanting to save their own seeds. I consider this to be the best sweet corn I have to offer for an emergency survival stash. [MyFolia #: m5x9-285783]

astronomy domine sweet corn
  Joseph's Landrace Popcorn: To add colors and a robust flavor to my popcorn I crossed it with Indian corns. If you are looking for flavor this is the popcorn for you! Expansion ratio (microwaved dry) is approximately 19X to 24X v/v. For best expansion, popcorn should be adjusted to 13.5% moisture prior to popping. I select for cobs that pop nearly perfectly in hot oil at 375 F. Because to me that's the best tasting way to cook popcorn. [MyFolia#: wtn6-306574 ]
  Paradise Sweet Corn, se+: No seed currently available for sharing. Promiscuously pollinated multicolored sweet corn: An F4/F5 population. Close to homozygous se+. Very tender skinned. I'd love photos or reports about how it grew for you and how you liked the taste. Plant only in well warmed soil. Germination percentage of untreated seed in soil can be poor. To avoid that I recommend presprouting indoors and transplanting a day or two after seedlings emerge. [MyFolia#: 66x4-286338]

Paradise Sweet Corn: Open Pollinated Sugary Enhanced
  South American Synthetic Composite: This germplasm was collected from across South American and the Carribean. It is intended as a resource of unique alleles for plant breeders and for gardeners seeking to expand the genetic diversity of their corn. It is a good flour corn. It contains: Tuzpeņo composite from Southern Mexico - a dent corn but different than the North American dents, Cuzco composite from Bolivia and Peru - some components from up to 11,000 feet elevation, Piricinco/Coroíco composite from the Amazon basin, Cateto and Costal Tropical Flints from Argentina and Carribean - the orange kernels contain up to 10X the carotenes of yellow corn, Eagle Meets Condor - High elevation Andean corn crossed with Painted Mountain. [MyFolia#: 435609]

South American corn: Synthetic composite
  High Carotene corn: I am excited about the high nutritional potential of one of the South American corns that I sorted the high carotene kernels into their own lot. I think that this is a very important trait and I want to get it into the hands of as many plant breeders as possible as quick as can be.
High nutrition corn. Lots of beta carotene
  Zea Mays: North American Hybrid Swarm: A hybrid swarm of corn which contains parent types, and offspring types, and intermediate types all mingled together, and back-crossing, and cross pollinating each other. This hybrid swarm is characterized by huge phenotypic differences between individuals. Maturity very late to very early. Short to tall. Mostly flints and flours with a small percentage of sweet corn, dent corn, and popcorn.

  Harmony Flint/Flour/Dent Corn: An F1 cross between North American Hybrid Swarm and South American Synthetic Composite. It's purpose is to reunite the various races of corn and create a unified genetic base from which to conduct plant selection and breeding. Adapted to temerate growing conditions. Not day-length sensitive.

  [Glass Gem X Popcorn]: To add even more colors to my popcorn I crossed it with Glass Gem Decorative corn. This is F1 seed, so it does not pop. It would still be useful for making corn meal or feeding to animals. I expect lots of pretty colors and a very long season corn (120 days). [Lot#: 2013.]

  Joseph's Frosty Sweet Corn: Crop failure in 2014 due to skunks. The most cold tolerant sweet corn that I grow. Each growing season it is intensively selected for frost tolerance. In the initial screening fewer than 4 plants in 1000 survived the cold. It is a mid-season corn so the frost tolerance doesn't lead to earlier harvests. [ Lot# 2013. MyFolia#: mm26-286688 ]

  Joseph's Short Season Tomatoes: A mix of the best performing tomatoes in my garden. Includes slicers, canners, cherry tomatoes, paste tomatoes, heirlooms, and segregating hybrids. Hundreds of varieties have been trialed over the last few years. Most of them failed spectacularly. The primary selection criteria is that they must produce fruit in my garden in spite of the short season. Secondary selection criteria is for tolerance to frost and cold. (Around 10% to 50% get killed by frost each year, leaving behind the most cold tolerant.) Generally medium vine length. Mostly determinate to semi-determinate. Six to ten ounce fruits are typical. The DX52-12 tomato is the standard by which tomatoes in this landrace are judged. [Lot#: 2012. MyFolia#: tyez-360472 ] Joseph's short season landrace tomatoes.
  Joseph's Short Season Slicing Tomatoes: Selected from among the general landrace as a mix of the earliest and best performing canning/slicing tomatoes. Medium sized determinate plants that produce red fruits weighing about 8 to 11 ounces. [Lot#: 2014. ]

  Ot'Jagodka: My favorite tomato. Saladette sized fruits (2-3 ounces). Very early and productive. Strongly determinate - so the fruit ripens quickly and the plant croaks. Scored well for cold tolerance. Medium score on frost tolerance. This variety is highly attractive to bumblebees, so it may not come true to the original Jagodka phenotype. I am using this as one of the progenitors of a promiscously pollinating tomato landrace.

  Tomatoes, Pollen Donor Group: I am working on a project to develop promiscuously pollinating tomatoes. As part of that project I have been working on identifying plants with loose or open flowers so that pollinators can easily access the flower parts to cross-pollinate more effectively. These are seeds from the plants that I found most suitable. They were selected from among Croatian Brandywine, Hillbilly, Virginia Sweets, DX52-12, and/or [Black Early, Indian Stripe, Danko, Zolotoe Serdise, and F1 crosses between them]. These varieties produce large fruits, and were way too long season for my garden. Because some of the plants didn't produce any ripe fruit at all, they were selected via survival-of-the-fittest for quicker maturity.

Potatoes True Botanical Seeds    
Due to the very delicate stems of potato seedlings, I recommend sowing seed indoors in 1/2" shallow soil, and adding soil to the pot as it grows. Or transplant the seedlings several times during early growth to bury the stem. Sprout in direct sunlight or under very bright grow lights to keep stems from getting spindly. I start transplants about 6-8 weeks before last frost. Because of my decision to eliminate cytoplasmic male sterility from my garden and to not spread it to others, I am only offering abundantly fruitful potato seeds.   True Potato Seeds
  Bountiful Potato: The most prolifically fruiting potato I have ever grown. The mother is a red skinned potato with white flesh that produces large tubers. Some years they suffer from wire-worm damage in my garden. [MyFolia#: h23p-286251] Bountiful Potato: True potato seeds
Grains Wheat and Rye    
  Feral Winter (Rye), Tall: Collected along about 40 miles of back-roads in the Northern Utah wheat growing belt. Landrace. Grows about 4 to 6 feet tall in my garden. This would make a great thatching straw. Can be grown as a spring crop. For best results, plant in late summer or early fall. Selection criteria included: Growing feral without irrigation or cultivation; Ease of threshing. [MyFolia#: k2zr-286724] landrace winter rye
  Feral Winter Wheat, Short: Landrace. Collected along about 40 miles of back-roads in the Northern Utah wheat growing belt. Can be grown as a spring crop. For best results, plant in late summer or early fall. Grows about 2.5 feet tall in my garden. Selection criteria included: Growing feral without irrigation or cultivation; Ease of threshing. Typical looking modern hexaploid. Mostly hard red. [ MyFolia#: n2fn-286694 ] landrace winter wheat
  Lofthouse Wheat: This wheat was developed on my family's farm by my great-great-grandfather. It was first released in 1890. Before the Green Revolution it was the most widely planted wheat in Northern Utah and Southern Idaho.

  Einkorn Wheat: One of the oldest cultivars of wheat. A diploid with husks that are held tightly to the grain. [MyFolia#: vdwf-337472 ]
  Lofthouse Landrace Moschata, Medium: This is the squash featured in Carol Deppe's new book "The Tao of Vegetable Gardening. Butternut squash, Moschata pumpkins, long necked squash, etc. Medium sized. Yellow or orange flesh. I am selecting for oranger and drier flesh each year. I select against super-sweetness. Some of the ancestors of this seed came out of the amazingly genetically diverse Long Island Seed Project. Other ancestors are modern hybrids and old-time favorite heirlooms. These have been intensively selected for short season. The 2010 growing season was 88 days long. It sucked to have 75% of my butternut crop fail to produce mature fruit, but it sure is a great way to select for earliness. The 2012 growing season had 84 frost free days. [ MyFolia#: dyq3-286349 ]

landrace moschata squash
  Lofthouse Landrace Moschata, Small: Seeds from the smallest fruits of the general moschata patch. The offspring will tend to produce smaller fruits. [ MyFolia#: dyq3-286349 ]

landrace moschata squash
  Joseph's Landrace Moschata, Extra Large Fruits: Fruits around 20 pounds or larger. Necked squash, Moschata pumpkins, Long of Naples, etc. Yellow to orange flesh. Selecting each year for: Short season, large fruits, and oranger flesh. [MyFolia#: dyq3-286349] extra large moschata squash landrace
  Small Orange/Green Buttercups: Fruits around 3 pounds. Selected for small size and dry spicy taste. Grown in semi-isolation. Productivity is low. That can be forgiven because I love the taste.
small landrace buttercup squash
  Joseph's Landrace Maxima, Medium Sized Fruits: Fruits around 10 to 20 pounds. Promiscously pollinated. Selected for: Short season, great taste, dry flesh, leathery skin, medium sized fruits, productivity, and long storage.
  Joseph's Landrace Maxima, Small Fruits: Fruits around 3 to 5 pounds. Promiscously pollinated. The seeds from the smallest fruits in the general Maxima patch were collected into this lot, so there will be some medium sized fruits among the offspring, but they will tend towards small fruits. Selected for: Short season, great taste, dry flesh, leathery skin, small fruits, and long storage.
  Cucumber Landrace: A genetically diverse cucumber landrace. The parents include slicing cucumbers, pickling cucumbers, and lemon cucumbers. The skin color at fresh eating stage is light yellow to dark green. [MyFolia#: 59rg-286337]
landrace cucumbers
  Yellow Salad Cucumbers: Not available this year. The skin color at fresh eating stage is typically light yellow. I keep a small amount of green cucumber pollen in the patch to expand the genetic diversity. [MyFolia#: ]
yellow landrace cucumbers
  Landrace Crookneck: I keep squash shape and color consistent with the traditional crookneck phenotype. I allow diversity of other traits like leaf shape, inter-node length, and days-to-maturity. Contains mostly bush types with a few percent semi-sprawling type vines. [MyFolia#: hkak-287080]

landrace crookneck summer squash
  Landrace Zucchini: Contains mostly bush types with a few percent semi-sprawling type vines. [MyFolia#: hkak-287080]

landrace zucchini summer squash
  Joseph's Landrace Shelling Peas: Short vined shelling peas. Can be planted in my garden the day after the snow melts. Harvest lasts for about 3 weeks. The ancestors of these seeds include modern cultivars and old-time favorite heirlooms. The Long Island Seed Project contributed heavily to this population. [MyFolia#: zkde-286247]
landrace shelling peas
  Joseph's Earliest Shelling Peas: Short vined (dwarf) shelling pea. Produces mature pods about 10 days earlier than my main season shelling peas. Production is low, about 1/3 that of main season peas. [MyFolia#: 4nag-286369]
Earliest Shelling Pea
  Red Podded Soup Pea -- Breeding Clade. The segregating descendants of a cross between a yellow snow pea and a purple snap pea. I am able to share bulk unsorted F3 seed which may contain all possible types and combinations, or F4 seed selected for red-podded soup peas. There is not currently enough seed to share the mange-tout varieties, though some may show up in the bulk seed. [Germination not tested due to limited seed.] Red podded pea breeding project
  Tepary Beans A gray tepary bean that was short enough season to produce mature seed in my garden. The seed pods shatter explosively. To harvest I recommend cutting the vine off just above ground level, finish drying on a tarp, and then beating or stomping the vines to release the seed. [MyFolia#: 2pqz-360989] Gray speckled tepary beans
  Dry Bean Landrace, Bush, Hot Weather, Quick Maturing: Contains many varieties that produce a quick crop in hot weather. Used as a bean soup mix. I plant a week or two after the last expected spring frosts. [MyFolia #:s9sk-308590]
  Carole's Bush Bean Descended from naturally cross pollinated plants discovered by Carole Deepe (Relilient Bean Breeder). I selected seed from plants with a bush habit that matured in my short growing season. Some of the beans do not imbide water when soaked, so they stay hard when cooking, and do not germinate quickly. I recommend pre-soaking overnight and only planting the beans that absorb water.
  Brown Trout Cross Descended from a naturally cross pollinated plant discovered in the garden of a collaborator. Non-vining habit. Tendrils about 18" long.
  True Garlic Seeds: During the fall, I may be able to share bulbils or cloves from the plants I am using in my project to grow true pollinated garlic seeds.
  Purple-top White-globe Turnip: Adaptively selected to thrive in my garden. A pure open pollinated variety. [MyFolia#: sed4-286352] purple top white globe turnip
  Turnip Rooted Parsnip: A ball shaped parsnip ideal for growing in hard compact soil. Descended from Kral Russian with heavy selection pressure to adapt them to my higher altitude and drier desert climate. Growth is slow. I have not found a way to do proper germination testing on this seed. If you want to try them I'll send seed as a gift. [MyFolia#: 8gm7-286728] Kral, turnip rooted parsnip
  Onion, Cepa Bulbing, Long-day, Long-Keeper: Not available this year. Descended primarily from Utah yellow Spanish with a few whites and purples thrown into the seed bed for diversity. In my garden these are direct seeded in early spring and produce baseball sized long-term-storage onions by fall. Selected for long-keeping ability (7 months indoors). They also make great scallions. [MyFolia#: 69pk-327166] Long keeping storage onions.
  Spinach: Out of seed to share. A landrace of smooth-leaved, bug-resistant, quick-growing, bolt-resistant spinach. [ MyFolia#: 8yyy-286268 ]

landrace spinach
  Swiss Chard: A landrace with colorful stems and leaves. [ MyFolia#: 3xev-286354 ]
multicolored landrace Swiss chard
  Landrace Carrots: Out of seed to share. Mostly orange with some reds, yellows, and purples. Short and thick roots to be able to deal with my hard clayish soil. [ MyFolia#: ]
multicolored landrace Swiss chard
  Opuntia humifusa:, Eastern Prickly Pear Cactus. Fermented seeds. Bright yellow flowers. Hardy in USDA zone 4 in sandy soil. [Lot#: 2013. Not testing germination. MyFolia#: x83r-285808]
spineless prickly pear
  Feral Sunroot: Seed originally collected growing wild in Kansas. Produces seed abundantly if bagged to prevent predation by goldfinches. Selected for winter hardiness, productivity in my garden, and for short stolons. Tuber production is much lower than commercial strains. [MyFolia#: dkum-285889]
landrace sunroot, jerusalem artichoke
  Landrace Sunflowers: Grow 6-12 feet tall in my garden: Average about 8 feet. Mostly sunflower yellow blossoms with some reds, pale lemon-yellows, and oranges. Multi-headed. [Lot#: 2012. MyFolia#: bb6w-297274]
sunflower landrace
  Other Seeds: I only posted the most glamorous seeds to this list. If you want to swap for other seeds from my breeding projects, send me a message. I also have a few additional seeds or cuttings listed for swap at:    
Locally Adapted Landrace Locally Adapted Landrace. Great biodiversity and well adapted to my garden. Phenotype fairly consistent from year to year.
A grex A grex: Mixed cultivars and heritage. Not grown long enough in my garden to be considered a landrace.
Promiscuously Pollinated Promiscuously Pollinated: More biodiversity than an open pollinated cultivar. [Not locally adapted and/or not enough diversity to call it a landrace.]
An open pollinated (inbred) variety An open pollinated (inbred) variety. Low genetic diversity.
unstable breeding project Breeding project: Ustable seed
Ancestors Sourced from Hog Wild Seed Swap Ancestors included seeds obtained from the Hog Wild Seed Swap
Ancestors Included The Long Island Seed Project Ancestors included The Long Island Seed Project
Ancestors included Face of the Earth Seed from Bishop's Homegrown Ancestors included Face of the Earth Seed from Bishop's Homegrown
Ancestors included Peace Seeds by Alan Kapuler Ancestors included Peace Seeds by Alan Kapuler
Ancestors included GRIN: Germplasm Resources Information Network Ancestors included GRIN: Germplasm Resources Information Network
How to get seeds
By Mail: To obtain seed samples send one silver dime to my post office box for each variety desired. That was the retail price of a packet of seeds in 1860 when my great-great-great grandmother started farming in Paradise. I'm still farming in the same village and asking the same price more than 150 years later. Include three dollars cash per shipment to cover the shipping costs. [Please, if you send anything other than paper put it in a padded or bubble envelope.] Silver dimes are readily available at pawn shops and on eBay.

In person: Drop by the Farmer's Market in Logan.

By Collaboration: Help me by growing my seeds and returning a report or photos about how they grew for you.

By Donation: If you have experienced a disaster or family emergency (such as unemployment, flood, or divorce) let me know about it. I'll put together a package of seeds for you: My choice of varieties, whatever I have too much of. It might even include commercial seeds that I don't expect to plant.

By Exchange: I would be glad to swap for any of the following seeds, especially if they are from your own breeding projects. I do not want any commercial seeds, and especially not seeds with poison on them. In early winter I participate in the Hog Wild Seed Swap.

Zea diploperennis (a variety that is not day-length sensitive)
Turmeric seeds
Sweet Potato seeds (not plants or tubers)
Tetraploid Watermelon
Short season angiosperma/mixta/cushaw squash
Genetically diverse landrace vegetables or grains
Open pollinated seeds from vegetables or grains grown by sustenance farmers or Indians

Warm Regards,

Blog: Mother Earth News -- Landrace Gardening.
Josephs Garden on MyFolia

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